FOR many people, muscle twitches and leg cramps may be less bothersome than palpitations of the heart, asthma, hypertension, eye troubles, mental disorders or Type II diabetes, osteoporosis, migraines, stroke, and Gastrointestinal and colorectal cancer. But they are members of one huge family of diseases which may be caused by…MAGNESIUM DEFICIENCY. More than 200,000, yes 200,000 research papers have been published in only about 18 months(March 2012 to July 2014) which link Magnesium deficiencies to more than 400 human diseases.
Calcium and Magnesium, like Sodium, Potassium, Chloride, and Phosphate, are substances that work as electrolytes in the body when they are mixed with water. They regulate nerves and muscle function, hydrate the body, balance blood acidity and alkalinity, regulate blood pressure and help to repair damaged tissue. Too many electrolytes or too little of them is bad for body chemistry and health. Calcium and Magnesium combine in ratio 2:1 in normal circumstances. While Calcium contracts the nerves and muscles, Magnesium relaxes them. This creates electrical currents which produce motion in the body. Too little Magnesium in the eye, for example, may produce an excess of Calcium, the surplus of which may infiltrate eye muscles and hardened them to cause refractive challenges or block drainage channels to produce abnormally high ocular fluid tension, a cause of glaucoma. It is in respect of glaucoma, which literally drowns the optic nerves in undischarged fluid massing up at the back of the eye, that eye doctors prescribe eyedrops called CHANNEL BLOCKERS to bar Calcium infiltration, unblocked the drainages, lower high tension, and save the nerves. Unfortunately, pharmaceutical drugs which block Calcium in the eye may also chase it out of the heart, thereby creating signaling and electrical problems which may affect normal blood pumping rhythms. A great beneficial effect it should be to the organs, therefore if the body has the right amounts of Magnesium to pair with the right amounts of Calcium so that no excess Calcium exists to roam about in the body and settle in soft muscles and tissues, literally turning them into stones. In the condition known as Arthritis(all diseases which end up in ITIS), a salt called Calcium Pyrophosphate Dihydrate(CPPD) forms crystals on the bone cartilage in joints, such as the knees, shoulders, wrist, and ankles, causing swelling, pain, and immobility. When there is too much Calcium in the joint, the muscles may be infiltrated and hardened, as in frozen shoulders, a condition in which the shoulders can hardly be lifted. In gallbladder stones and kidney stones, excess Calcium combines with salts other than Magnesium. Many women who suffer from menstrual pains and related period problems are most probably Magnesium deficient with free Calcium in the muscles and nerves contracting these tissues in painful spasms which leave behind lactic acid. As Dr Lara Briden explained in an article titled MAGNESIUM AND THE MENSTRUAL CYCLE:
“As a clinician with more than twenty years experience, I regularly prescribe magnesium for PMS, PCOS, and perimenopause. I see excellent results with my patients and I’ve come to rely on magnesium as one of my favorite natural treatments for period problems. The effectiveness of magnesium has been demonstrated in a few studies and clinical trials, which are compiled into a 2017 literature review called “Magnesium in the gynecological practice”. In that review, the authors conclude that there is “an important role for magnesium for the prevention and the treatment of a number of conditions relevant for women’s health”, Magnesium may help to prevent period pain. Taken daily, magnesium may prevent dysmenorrhea(menstrual cramps) in some people. It works by relaxing the smooth muscle of the uterus and by reducing the prostaglandins that cause period pain”.
You will be on the right track if you knew about these studies and were taken Magnesium food supplements for your condition. But you would be on the wrong track if you were taking the wrong Magnesium salts for the wrong health challenge as many people, ignorant about Magnesium salts and their specific uses, have a tendency to do. Some doctors believe any Magnesium salts will work wonders where there is a Magnesium deficiency in the body. Some say that certain tissues or organs have more affinity for some types of Magnesium. In other words, we can then assume that the efficiency ratio of different Magnesium salts vary from one organ to the other and that Magnesium consumers who do not know about this may, literally speaking, be given to Paul what belongs to Peter.
There are no fewer than 10 types of Magnesium salts. As stated earlier, some doctors believe some salts are best absorbed by some organs which have more affinity for them while other organs prefer other salts. There, also, are doctors who believe that “Magnesium is Magnesium” and that Magnesium will function fairly well in any part of the body. Experience will teach us which salt works best for our peculiar situations.
I find interesting and helpful the following presentation. It is a compendium of eight Magnesium salts clinically reviewed by KATHERINE MARENGO, LDN, and R.D and written by ZIA SHERREL, MPH on 22 March 2021, under the heading TYPES OF MAGNESIUM SUPPLEMENTS AND THEIR BENEFITS. Over now to MARENGO and SHERREL….
“Magnesium is one of the most common minerals in the body. It plays a role in over 600 metabolic reactions, including energy production, protein formation, and blood pressure regulation. Choosing the right magnesium supplement can help boost levels of this nutrient and may help with various medical conditions. There are many types of magnesium present in dietary supplements and food products. These include:
magnesium citrate, magnesium glycinate, magnesium chloride, magnesium lactate, magnesium malate, magnesium taurate, magnesium sulfate, magnesium oxide, etc. Each type of magnesium has different properties”……
Magnesium glycinate is a compound of magnesium and glycine, an amino acid. Research on magnesium glycine indicates that people tolerate it well and that it seems to cause minimal side effects. This means it may be a good option for people who require higher doses of this nutrient or who experience side effects when using other types of magnesium”.
This type of magnesium is a compound of magnesium and lactic acid. According to a 2017 analysis, there is evidence that magnesium lactate absorbs in the gut easily”.
This type of magnesium is a compound of magnesium and malic acid. Some evidence suggests that it is highly bioavailable and that people tolerate it well. A 2019 animal study found that out of several types of magnesium, magnesium malate was the fastest to absorb after a single dose. This may also be true of humans, but human trials are necessary to confirm this. A 2018 study in humans reports that a supplement containing a combination of magnesium malate and several vitamins caused few digestive side effects”.
Magnesium citrate is a popular form of magnesium. It is often an ingredient in supplements and appears to be easier for the body to absorb than some other forms. An older 2003 study of 46 adults found that magnesium citrate absorbed better than magnesium oxide and magnesium chelate. However, doctors also use magnesium citrate to treat constipation. For some people, this may mean it causes unwanted digestive side effects, such as diarrhea”.
Magnesium chloride is a type of salt that people can find in topical magnesium products, such as magnesium oils and some bath salts. People use it as an alternative method for getting more magnesium. However, it is unclear whether the skin is capable of absorbing much magnesium via this method”.
“A 2017 review concludes that while there is evidence that the body can absorb a small amount of magnesium through the skin, large-scale studies are necessary to determine its effectiveness. People can also take magnesium chloride internally, as the intestines absorb it well. However, as with some other types of magnesium, it may cause digestive side effects”.
Magnesium sulfate is the form of magnesium in Epsom salts. Many people add Epsom salts to baths and foot soaks to soothe aching muscles. However, there is little high-quality evidence showing that the body can absorb much magnesium from magnesium sulfate baths”.
Doctors may use magnesium oxide to treat constipation or as an antacid for heartburn or indigestion. Magnesium oxide is also present in some dietary supplements. However, the body does not absorb this form of magnesium well, according to a 2017 analysis”.
This type of magnesium is a compound of magnesium and taurine. Limited evidence suggests it may have the potential to lower blood pressure and protect the cardiovascular system. Authors of a 2018 animal study report that magnesium taurate reduced high blood pressure and heart damage in rats that had taken a toxic substance. The researchers conclude that this shows the potential of magnesium taurate as a cardioprotective nutritional supplement. However, until more research takes place, people should not use magnesium supplements as treatments for cardiovascular conditions”.
The understanding of Magnesium deficiency and the understanding of many diseases it causes has given birth to a huge global Magnesium food supplements industry. But many ignorant Magnesium consumers in this Industry literally give to Paul what belongs to Peter by buying and using the wrong salts of Magnesium for the wrong condition. For example, many people take Magnesium oxide, which some doctors say is best for constipation, in the place of Magnesium palmitate, which some physicians suggest is more effective for muscle troubles or instead of Magnesium sulfate which has more affinity for the heart and hypertension-related matters.
Between 10% and 20% of the population of industrial nations are said to suffer from the complications of low serum Magnesium levels. Some cardiologists put the figure as high as 90% for people who do not consume the right daily requirements of this essential macromineral in their daily diets. This may account for the ever-growing cases of major human diseases in these countries and the avalanche of health troubles in today’s Nigeria hooked on the Euro-American diet. Unfortunately, data is hard to come by in Nigeria. But there is at least an interesting one from the Specialist Hospital in northeastern Nigeria. The hospital carried out a study of 40 Type 2 diabetes to find out if, indeed, low Magnesium serum levels were a feature of diabetes. According to a report in Google on Low Magnesium status in type 2 diabetic Nigerian:
“Method: A cross-sectional analytical study carried out among forty(40) subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus and forty(40) apparently healthy controls. Fasting plasma magnesium and glucose levels were measured and compared between the two groups”.
“Results: Mean plasma magnesium level was significantly lower in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus than in the controls(0.74 ± 0.09mmol/L vs. 0.89 ± 0.23mmol/L, p < 0.05). The frequency of hypomagnesemia among subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus was 32.5% compared to 17.5% among the controls. Hypomagnesaemia was associated with female sex, greater body mass index and longer duration of type 2 diabetes mellitus”.
“Conclusions: Hypomagnesium is relatively common among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in our setting. We recommend periodic/routine estimation of magnesium status among type 2 diabetic patients and appropriate replacement therapy if hypomagnesemia is detected. We also recommend further studies that will investigate the mechanism of the magnesium depletion and its association with complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus in our setting”.
Medical science has established two broad types of Magnesium deficiency. The first is the acute deficiency, a sudden depletion. The other is chronic, which is long-standing. Acute deficiency occurs outside the cell while chronic deficiency is found within the cell. Acute deficiency may prevent symptoms such as severe cramps, involuntary movements of the eyes(nystagmus), potassium(refractory hypokalaemia) and seizures during pregnancy or after childbirth(eclampsia), irregular heartbeat, too slow or too fast(Cardiac arrhythmias). The symptoms often clear up quickly with Magnesium injections. Chronic Magnesium often go undetected because blood serum Magnesium, the indicator, is often normal when shortages have occurred within the cell.
According to Google, some common causes of Magnesium deficiency are:
“Every organ in the body, especially the heart, muscles, and kidneys, needs the mineral Magnesium. It also contributes to the makeup of teeth and bones. Magnesium is needed for many functions in the body. This includes the physical and chemical processes in the body that convert or use energy(metabolism). When the level of Magnesium in the body drops below normal, symptoms develop due to low Magnesium. Common causes of low Magnesium include Alcohol use, Burns that affect a large area of the body, Chronic diarrhea, Excessive urination(polyuria), such as in uncontrolled diabetes and during recovery from acute kidney failure, Hyperaldosteronism(disorder in which the adrenal gland releases too much of the hormone aldosterone into the blood), Kidney tubule disorders, Malabsorption syndromes, such as celiac disease and inflammatory bowel disease, Malnutrition, Medicines including amphotericin, cisplatin, cyclosporine, diuretics, proton pump inhibitors, and aminoglycoside antibiotics, Pancreatitis(swelling and inflammation of the pancreas), Excessive sweating, etc”.
Calcium and Magnesium are twin minerals that work together for harmony. Calcium contracts the nerves and muscles while Magnesium relaxes them. When nerves in the brain are contracted but not relaxed, we feel tight and cannot sleep. That is why Magnesium food supplements encourage restful sleep. Magnesium deficiency in the eye causes an excess of Calcium to infiltrate the muscles, carrying refractive problems(long sight or short sight) or block drainage channels, thereby raising eye Intra-ocular pressure(IOP). Ophthalmologists prescribe Calcium channel blockers to reduce IOP and treat glaucoma. Constipation may arise from too much Calcium and too little Magnesium in the intestine. The muscles contract and do not relax. Cycles of contractions and relaxation cause peristaltic motions which move food and feces. Magnesium deficiency may cause stasis which, decades ago, and perhaps even now was rectified with MILK OF MAGNESIA.
There are many types of Magnesium salts. They all work. Some work better in one environment than in others. Many users of Magnesium salts do not consider the efficiency ratios of these salts when they make their choices. Magnesium sulfate works well in the brain while Magnesium oxide is a Hercules in the digestive system. Magnesium Maleate is rated high in the muscles while Magnesium phosphate is more friendly to the heart for Palpitations.
Cardiologist Robert C. Atkins, author of VITA NUTRIENT SOLUTION and one of the pioneers of complementary medicine in the United States, would be our last guide on this tour of Magnesium salts. He lived ahead of his time for most of the things he said in his book, THE VITA NUTRIENT SOLUTION, published in 1998 and still relevant today.
Dr. Atkins, writing on the use of Magnesium in Pregnancy Complications says:
“For expectant mothers and their babies, Magnesium supplements can frequently overcome several serious blood pressure disorders that may arise. As medicine has known for more than fifty years, the mineral is a choice treatment for preeclampsia, a relatively common complication seen in the latter part of pregnancy that raises blood pressure and causes water retention, among other problems. In extreme cases of preeclampsia, a woman may suffer convulsions or lapse into a coma. Again, Magnesium is a very effective treatment. Some 60% of all such hypertension-related complications could be avoided, researchers estimated, if pregnant women were to take supplements”.
“As described in a medical journal article, physicians gave the nutrient to seven infants after all other medications failed to help them. The babies were expected to die, but injections of Magnesium sulfate brought down their blood pressure and saved their lives”.
DR ROBERT ATKINS
He called Magnesium the heart “most important mineral”, he said heart disease was rampant because cardiologists do not “routinely prescribe it”. Magnesium deficiency played about 50% percent of the American population because sugary and junk food they liked most had no Magnesium in it, the soil was Magnesium depleted and the body was expanding its little Magnesium reserve’s to clean itself off toxins. He says the following are some of the benefits of Magnesium for the heart:
“Irregular heart rhythms become more stable, high blood pressure improves, the body keeps a better balance of potassium, another important cardiovascular mineral, the heart pumps a larger volume of blood without extra demand for oxygen, constricted blood vessels relax, allowing blood to flow more freely, the chest pains of angina pectoris strikes less frequently. By not allowing platelets to clump together, the blood becomes less likely to form artery-blocking clots. HDL cholesterol rises and LDL cholesterol falls. He recommends Magnesium for type ll diabetes, Insulin resistance, hypoglycemia, high blood pressure, pregnancy complications, neutral valve collapse, asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, migraines, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, premenstrual tension”.